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The real function of the microchip | WorlDog


WorlDog > The real function of the microchip

The real function of the microchip

Late at night, the phone is ringing nonstop, it is not normal at this time. You pick up and hear at the other end a desperate voice: “My puppy has run away! Can you help me locate it by microchip?” I have already signed up at the website that you told me, but I don’t know how to find it! Well, it’s understandable the desperation of a person that has lost a puppy, so I tried to explain that the microchip is not an animal locator device, but only a permanent ID. This number should be notified to all the people who could help in the search for the puppy, like veterinary clinics, shelters, etc.

It is a very common mistake for people to think that microchips operates like a locator device for lost animals, and that they can be tracked by satellite or something like that. Sometimes with totally erroneous statements in the media made by professionals from many areas that ignore the true function of a microchip. When people see the movies of wild animals with huge collars that are located by search teams, with radio or satellite, they start to think that the microchip works just like that.

There already exists in the pet market, a dog collar that can be used in this way, but they are big, and if anyone takes away the collar from the dog or if it loses the collar, the signal will only allow the collar to be found.

Therefore a technical explanation in what is a microchip and how it works is necessary. Initially we can make a comparison with those huge collars of the films. They are huge because they have a battery, which occupies the most part of the collar and serve to provide the energy needed to transmit a signal that is picked up by radio or satellite of the search team. The device is extremely useful in field research, mainly with large can be changed, a huge job.

The microchip is simply a chip the size of a grain of rice, containing information, a single number that identifies that component and, when inserted in the animal skin, remains there without sending any kind of signal, since it has no power itself to do that. Only when a unit that searches the microchip (reader or scanner) is passed over the animal’s body, and finds it, a screen shows the number that is on that chip, that’s all.

With the microchip number the animal can be identified, but this requires that the number is registered on a database allowing the animal information to be accessed. These database are available to all by the internet and are easily found. Each microchip manufacturer can also be inserted. The animal that has a microchip, that is not registered in any of the database, cannot be identified, making that microchip useless. In this case you can get information from the manufacturer of the chip and contact them, trying to find out which clinic or breeder bought that batch, a difficult time consuming process.

The latest microchip can also bring other information that can be read by the scanner, such as body temperature. This makes the microchip a tool with many possibilities. In the not too distant future, it may be even “read” by cell phones, or also include a GPS that acts as locator.

The placement of the microchip is very simple process, as easy as the application of a vaccine. It is introduced subcutaneously in the animal’s skin by a special needle. The latest microchips are covered by an anti immigration capsule, so that they won’t be moving through the animal’s body. They are placed on the scapula, between the shoulders, so that reading is easily facilitated. Code stickers with number of the chip and certificate to be signed by the vet who made the application are also provided along with the microchip bar. A small sign, to be placed on the dog’s collar, can bring the website address of the database, so they know the animal that was found is micro chipped and who is the owner.

Currently microchip programs are developed by local governments of several cities. They are beginning to be deployed in an attempt to have some control over the identities of the animals and their owners, thus reducing the number of dogs and cats in the streets. Shelters are already donating the animals implanted with the microchip and the new owners are being registered in the database to be identified in case of loss or abandonment. It is a measure that can give long term results, especially if people are educated about the usefulness and functionality of this identification system.

Already among the breeders, the microchip in addition to identify their animals, also serves to make several tests such as DNA and Dysplasia, since it is a requirement of the laboratory that animals subjected to such tests have permanent identification. Another requirement comes from Brazilians Confederation of Cinofilia, which only allows the recognition of the qualifications of dogs that are identified permanently. This way you avoid fraud and falsification of records and titles. It is a good measure to sell your puppies already micro chipped, in addition to animals paper work. The new owners will enjoy knowing that their puppy already has permanent identification.

If you have pets at home, dogs, cats or even other species that are not already permanently identified, consider putting a microchip in each of them, it is not expensive and when you least expect it, it can be very useful.

Eduardo Machado
Border Collie Breeder
Florianópolis/SC – Brazil

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Mar at 8:17 PM

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